JAGS Abstracts

JAGS Abstracts

  • Effect of Forced Transitions on the Most Functionally Impaired Nursing Home Residents
  • Changes in Activities of Daily Living, Nutrient Intake, and Systemic Inflammation in Elderly Adults Receiving Recuperative Care
  • Tools to Detect Delirium Superimposed on Dementia: A Systematic Review
  • Influence of Hospice on Nursing Home Residents With Advanced Dementia Who Received Medicare-Skilled Nursing Facility Care Near the End of Life

Abstracts from the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

BRIEF METHODOLOGICAL REPORTS
Mild Cognitive Impairment and Objective Instrumental Everyday Functioning: The Everyday Cognition Battery Memory Test
Jason C. Allaire, PhD, Alyssa Gamaldo, MS, Brian J. Ayotte, PhD, Regina Sims, PhD, and Keith Whitfield, PhD

OBJECTIVES: To examine the performance subjects with and without mild cognitive impairment (MCI) on an objective measure of everyday or real-world memory and subjective items assessing competency within the same instrumental domains; to determine whether the Everyday Cognition Battery (ECB) can uniquely predi

Abstracts from the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

CLINICAL INVESTIGATIONS
Effect of a Risk-Based Multifactorial Fall Prevention Program on the Incidence of Falls

Marika J. Salminen, PhD, Tero J. Vahlberg, MSc, Maritta T. Salonoja, MD, Pertti T.T. Aarnio, MD, PhD, and Sirkka-Liisa Kivelä, MD, PhD

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of a multifactorial fall prevention program on falls and to identify the subgroups that benefit the most.

DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial.

SETTING: Community-dwelling subjects who had fallen at least once during the previous 12 months.

PARTICIPANTS

Abstracts from the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

Training Nursing Staff to Recognize Depression in Home Healthcare
Ellen L. Brown, EdD, RN, Patrick J. Raue, PhD, Bernard A. Roos, MD, Thomas Sheeran, PhD, ME, and Martha L. Bruce, PhD, MPH

OBJECTIVES: To describe the implementation and acceptability of the TRaining In the Assessment of Depression (TRIAD) intervention, which has been tested in a randomized trial. The primary aim of TRIAD is to improve the ability of homecare nurses to detect depression in medically ill, older adult homecare patients.

DESIGN: Description of the important components of TRIAD,

JAGS Abstracts: From the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society



CLINICAL INVESTIGATIONS

Effect of Influenza Vaccination of Nursing Home Staff on Mortality of Residents: A Cluster-Randomized Trial

Magali Lemaitre, MPH, Thierry Meret, MD, Monique Rothan-Tondeur, PhD, Joel Belmin, MD, Jean-Louis Lejonc, MD, Laurence Luquel, MD, François Piette, MD, Michel Salom, MD, Marc Verny, MD, PhD, Jean-Marie Vetel, MD, Pierre Veyssier, MD, and Fabrice Carrat, MD, PhD

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of staff influenza vaccination on all-cause mortality in nursing home residents.

DESIGN: Pair-matched cluster-randomized trial.

SETTIN

JAGS Abstracts: From the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society



The Effect of Age on Functional and Mortality Outcomes After Acute Myocardial Infarction

Suzanne V. Arnold, MD, MHA, Karen P. Alexander, MD, Frederick A. Masoudi, MD, MSPH, P. Michael Ho, MD, PhD, Lan Xiao, PhD, and John A. Spertus, MD, MPH

OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of post-myocardial infarction (MI) functional decline and to describe its association with chronological age in survivors of MI.

DESIGN: Prospective observational registry.

SETTING: Nineteen U.S. hospitals.

PARTICIPANTS: Two thousand four hundred eighty-one patients with acute MI.

From the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

Brief Reports

Nursing Home Assessment of Cognitive Impairment: Development and Testing of a Brief Instrument of Mental Status

Joshua Chodosh, MD, MSHS, Maria Orlando Edelen, PhD, Joan L. Buchanan, PhD, Julia Ann Yosef, MS, Joseph G. Ouslander, MD, Dan R. Berlowitz, MD, MPH, Joel E. Streim, MD, and Debra Saliba, MD, MPH

OBJECTIVES: To test the accuracy of a brief cognitive assessment of nursing home (NH) residents and to determine whether facility nurses can reliably perform this assessment.

DESIGN: Cross-sectional, indep

Abstracts from the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society


Serum Parathyroid Hormone Levels Predict Falls in Older Adults with Diabetes Mellitus

Denise K. Houston, PhD, Ann V. Schwartz, PhD, Jane A. Cauley, DrPH, Frances A. Tylavsky, DrPH, Eleanor M. Simonsick, PhD, Tamara B. Harris, MD, Nathalie de Rekeneire MD, Gary G. Schwartz, PhD, and Stephen B. Kritchevsky, PhD, for the Health, Aging and Body Composition Study

OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels and incident falls in older adults with diabetes mellitus.

DESIGN: Longitudinal analysis of incident falls over 1 year in a s

JAGS Abstracts: From the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society


Types, Prevalence, and Potential Clinical Significance of Medication Administration Errors in Assisted Living

Heather M. Young, PhD, GNP, Shelly L. Gray, PharmD, MS, Wayne C. McCormick, MD, MPH, Suzanne K. Sikma, PhD, RN, Susan Reinhard, PhD, RN, Linda Johnson Trippett, RNC, MSN, Carol Christlieb, RN, MSN, and Tiffany Allen, BS

OBJECTIVES: To describe the types and potential clinical significance of medication administration errors in assisted living (AL).

DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study.

SETTING: This study was conducted in 12 AL settings in three

JAGS Abstracts: From the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society


Identification of Older Patients with Heart Failure Who May Be Candidates for Hospice Care: Development of a Simple Four-Item Risk Score

Bao C. Huynh, MD, PharmD, Aleksandr Rovner, MD, and Michael W. Rich, MD

OBJECTIVES: To identify predictors of 6-month mortality in older patients with heart failure (HF) and to develop a risk score for identifying potential candidates for hospice care.

DESIGN: Secondary data analysis of a previously conducted randomized, clinical trial.

SETTING: Barnes-Jewish Hospital, St. Louis, Missouri.

PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred eighty-

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